Throughout the years history has shown people fear what is different or the unknown. Science and progress of modern intellectual ideas and concepts of equality have proven again and again to be shaped by societies social and cultural norms. The most fundamentally basic idea of equality manifests from one simple principle. Love. The benefits of marriage in any given modern day society, apart from any religious concerns or duties, include the following. Procreation, known or at least presumed. Paternity. Child and spousal support. Stability in family life, and lastly survivor’s rights. The issue is simple: Should the federal government along with individual states allow same sex marriage in the United States of America today?
History on this subject goes as far back as Aristotle and Plato in 350 B.C. when the idea of love was primarily between a boy and a man. However sick and disturbing we might find that notion today, it was their societies norms and widely accepted. Marriage between same sex couples most notably became a major issue in the 1970’s when gay couples started suing the federal government for the right to marry. Numerous court cases involving this issue like Baker vs. Nelson, Obergefell vs. Hodges, all denied by the supreme court. In 1993, then President Bill Clinton signed the Defense of Marriage Act. The Defense of Marriage Act (DOMA) is a United States federal law that, prior to being ruled unconstitutional, defined marriage for federal purposes as the union of one man and one woman, and allowed states to refuse to recognize same-sex marriages granted under the laws of other states. Protection of rights under marriage and the principals of being treated equal is what the LGTB community wants to eventually achieve.
Religious based arguments lead the way in efforts to oppose the legalization of same-sex marriage in modern day American society. Those who have seeked to rationalize gender discrimination and continue the war on gender inequality regularly use religion as justification for the cause. The United States of America is a secular nation. Meaning denoting attitudes, activities, or other things that have no religious or spiritual basis, and therefor is just another way of the dominant ideology.
Religious beliefs about marriage should never be enshrined in laws in ways that restrict the freedom of others who do not share those beliefs. “Monotheistic religious traditions, Judaism, Christianity and Islam, have been especially concerned with gender issues.” Within the concept that everyone should believe in the same thing goes against everything that we as Americans hold true and dear. Again the idea of the male dominant ideology of what is right or wrong play an integral part in what society accepts as normal. Now the institution of religion has become the foundation for justifying gender inequality. Opponents argue that we will unintentionally redefine the idea of marriage. Removing discrimination from the institution of marriage does not redefine “marriage” — it simply makes the institution more accessible and reflects the evolution of society. The Behavioral Learning Theory believes that behavior is learned from either the environment, the people in the individual’s life, the media, or society as a whole. This theory contradicts the Biological theory, which states that individuals are “born to be gay” and that behavior is inherited. The behavioral theory looks at the environment as well as society’s impact on how an individual acts which might be the reason for certain behaviors. In the past people were forced by society and the male dominated ideology to suppress their natural feeling and desires for fear of being “out of the closet” and in some cases killed or beaten for this.